The remote Central Asian country of Kyrgyzstan is what Britain’s Halford Mackinder might call a geopolitical ‘pivot’-a land that, owing to its geographical characteristics, retains a pivotal position in Great Power rivalries. Today the tiny remote country has been shaken by what is apparently an exceptionally well-planned popular uprising to topple US-backed president Kurmanbek Bakiyev. At the very least, what is playing out has huge proper implications for military security throughout the Eurasian Heartland — from China to Russia and beyond. It therefore has staggering implications for future years of the United States in Afghanistan and Central Asia and by extension in all Eurasia.
The protests again the US-backed Bakiyev started in March over allegations of extreme problem for the President and his family. a season — and other enterprises 80 million. Kyrgyzstan is one of the poorest countries in Central Asia with more than 40% living below the state poverty line. Late in 2009 2009 Bakiyev sharply hiked fees on small and medium businesses and early this year imposed new fees on telecoms.
He privatized the country’s largest electricity company and in January the private company, rumored to have been sold to friends of the family for less than 3% of its estimated value, doubled electricity prices. The price tag on heating gas grew up by up to 1000%. Kyrgyzstan’s winters are cool extremely. The opposition charged that Maxim Bakiyev had arranged a sweetheart privatisation of the state telecom to a friend domiciled in an offshore company in the Canary Islands.
In short, popular rage against company and Bakiyev been around for good reason. The key issue was how that rage was channelled and by whom efficiently. The protests erupted following decision by the government in March to dramatically raise prices of energy and telecommunications by fourfold and more, within an extremely poor country. During early March protests, Otunbayeva was named spokesperson for a united front of all opposition groups.
She appealed at that time to the government to have a more active interest in Kyrgyzstan’s Bakiyev regime and its lack of democratic standards, obviously with no result. According to informed Russian sources, at that true point Roza Otunbayeva spoke with Russian Primary Minister Vladimir Putin to go over the deteriorating situation. 2.15 billion that was guaranteed Bakiyev’s regime for construction of the hydropower seed on the Naryn river.
2.15 billion was originally announced just after Bakiyev declared he would close the US foundation at Manas, a decision that American dollars maintained later to invert some weeks. Clearly in Moscow’s eyes, the Russian aid and Bakiyev’s announced closing of the US base at Manas were linked. 2.15 billion from Moscow, re-opened following the ouster of Bakiyev, will reportedly go to the Kyrgyz National Bank.
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Bakiyev government security forces, reportedly including Special Forces sharpshooters on rooftops, killed some 81 opposition demonstrators, week of April leading to a dramatic escalation of the protests in the first. What is impressive about the events and suggests that there is certainly more happening behind the curtains, is the actual fact that the full-blown popular uprising exploded onto the scene with little pre-warning in the international media.
There had been protest demonstrations frequently since Bakiyev had taken control in the Washington-financed 2005 Tulip Revolution. That Washington-financed routine change of 2005 got involved the usual list of US NGO’s including Freedom House, The Albert Einstein Institution, The National Endowment for Democracy and USAID. None of the prior protests until this April, however, had the obvious sophistication and thoroughness of the latest one. Events appear to have caught everyone by surprise, not the least the corrupt Bakiyev family and his Washington backers.
The smoothness with which allegiance of the military, police and border security was gained within the first hours of protest suggests very sophisticated pre-planning and masterful coordination. Not clear here is whether that originated from operative s from abroad, and if so, whether from Russia’s FSB or CIA or whomever. Following a resignation of his entire government, including the relative heads of the army and national police and border guard, On Apr 16 and fled to neighboring Kazakhstan Bakiyev resigned.
200 million for cash-strapped Belarus President Lukashenko. Kyrgyzstan’s new, interim opposition federal government, under the nominal management of previous Foreign Minister Roza Otunbayeva, has announced it wants to create an international analysis into alleged crimes committed by Bakiyev. Lawbreaker charges have been submitted against him already, his sibling and sons and other family members. Bakiyev had little choice but to flee. The military and law enforcement got already sided with the Otunbayeva opposition days before he fled, in an sign that the events were at the minimum extremely well planned by at least some parts of the opposition. Today performs the role of the physical pivot Kyrgyzstan.