Is Your Password In This Dictionary?

There are various tools you can use to assault online systems or offline security password hashes, but having an effective dictionary, will make the difference between success and failing often. Here we discuss some of the critical factors in creating password dictionaries, and use various methods to create a few examples. Please create good Karma by using these techniques for good reasons; To protect rather than attack, and to show people the potential risks, and how and why to choose better passwords. There can be big variations in the approach for online or offline attacks, but essentially we want to obtain or develop a dictionary which has the password.

The dictionary must be big enough to support the password, but small enough to be prepared in a reasonable time-frame. When you have obtained some password hashes, you have all the right time in the world to attack them offline, that is, until the passwords change of course. Because of the offline nature of hash cracking, very large dictionaries can be utilized, and will end up being effective oftentimes, as users choose poor passwords generally. Online attacks can be more difficult, as sending a large number of attempts against an internet system can be very time-consuming.

In addition, many online systems and protocols have safety mechanisms builtin. The amount is bound by These mechanisms of attempts, per IP, or in confirmed session or time-frame, to protect the machine from brute force attacks. If the machine is configured by the administrator, failed attempts will be logged, and attacks can be reviewed.

Some systems can automatically disable usernames that are being attacked – and though this may lead to potential DoS episodes by attackers locking-out users, it can offer great safety against unauthorized gain access to. In online attacks, large dictionaries and brute power attacks are impractical generally. The key to success is developing or choosing a relatively small dictionary, that is likely to contain the password still.

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For online attacks you are most likely have to a summary of usernames as well as passwords. It is important that list is focused (no point in attacking usernames that don’t exist) so mostly these usernames would be based on a summary of common names (such as root, admin, Administrator etc) or gained from earlier reconnaissance.

Once you have your username list, online attack tools such as Hydra can be used to provide basic tests (such as using a blank security password, or a security password exactly like the username) before using more exhaustive lab tests. These quick exams sometimes produce results so really worth trying first. Even just these basic tests can produce some level of success.

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